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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Iasi - Romania

    MFC General: How to change frame and caption window styles at run-time?

    Q: How to change frame and caption window styles at run-time?

    I want to remove at run-time the window caption (title bar). I called GetWindowLong to get the old style, removed the WS_CAPTION flag, then called SetWindowLong to set the new style. But this seems to have no effect. What must be done?

    A: After 'SetWindowLong()' to set the new style you must call 'SetWindowPos()' with 'SWP_DRAWFRAME' or 'SWP_FRAMECHANGED' flag set.

    void CMyWindow::RemoveCaption() 
       LONG nOldStyle = ::GetWindowLong(m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE);
       LONG nNewStyle = nOldStyle & ~WS_CAPTION;
       ::SetWindowLong(m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE, nNewStyle);
       SetWindowPos(NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
    When using MFC, an easier way to modify window styles is to call 'CWnd::ModifyStyle()' or 'CWnd::ModifyStyleEx()' respectively.

    Unfortunately, the first time programmers use these functions, most of them ignore the last parameter ('nFlags'). The solution is to pass 'SWP_DRAWFRAME' or 'SWP_FRAMECHANGED'.

    If 'nFlags' is not zero, 'CWnd::ModifyStyle()'/'CWnd::ModifyStyleEx()' combine it with 'SWP_NOZORDER', 'SWP_NOMOVE', 'SWP_NOSIZE', and 'SWP_NOACTIVATE' flags, then call 'SetWindowPos()'.

    The example below, shows/hides the control-menu box from title bar (adds/removes 'WS_SYSMENU' style).
    void CMyWindow::ShowSystemMenu(bool bShow /*=true*/)
       if(true == bShow)
          ModifyStyle(0, WS_SYSMENU, SWP_FRAMECHANGED); // show
          ModifyStyle(WS_SYSMENU, 0, SWP_FRAMECHANGED); // remove
    Last edited by Andreas Masur; September 18th, 2005 at 05:04 PM.

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