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Thread: a project for beginner

  1. #1
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    a project for beginner

    Is there a project for beginners that could take a little bit of time that would teach them alot about coding? Maybe give some ideas so i know what i can do and plan it out. Right now i have learned:
    cin
    cout
    if
    case
    switch
    system
    variables
    strings/chars
    fstream
    while loops
    messageboxes
    error fixes
    putting it together
    some other things i cant remember.

    If you have anything i can learn to do that would be greatly appreciated.

  2. #2
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Look for programming contest question.
    Thanks for your help.

  3. #3
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    Re: a project for beginner

    eh im not good enough for contests besides, the contests require alot more knowledge than i have. that is why i need someone to give me an idea for something to make with the little that i know.

  4. #4
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Do you know how to use std::vector and std::string? How open a notepad, create a text file with some numbers in it and then save it.
    Code:
    13
    24
    5
    4
    674
    23
    456
    Now write a program to read in these numbers and reverse the order of them. Output the result to screen. You may want to use:

    www.cppreference.com/wiki

    for reference material.
    Last edited by PredicateNormative; July 30th, 2009 at 03:00 AM.

  5. #5
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    Re: a project for beginner

    I hate cppreference. They tell you about the function, but not where to find it. I can't tell you how many times I needed a function, googled it, found how to use it on cppreference, then spent another half an hour searching online to figure out what header file to include. I recommend buying a good C++ book instead.

  6. #6
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    Re: a project for beginner

    There are alternatives

    http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/

    Or if you want to get more technical

    http://www.sgi.com/tech/stl/
    "It doesn't matter how beautiful your theory is, it doesn't matter how smart you are. If it doesn't agree with experiment, it's wrong."
    Richard P. Feynman

  7. #7
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Quote Originally Posted by ninja9578 View Post
    I hate cppreference. They tell you about the function, but not where to find it. I can't tell you how many times I needed a function, googled it, found how to use it on cppreference, then spent another half an hour searching online to figure out what header file to include. I recommend buying a good C++ book instead.


    They tell you exactly where to find it. For example, here is the list of standard C++ algorithms.

    http://www.cppreference.com/wiki/stl/algorithm/start

    If you click on, say accumulate, you will end up on this page

    http://www.cppreference.com/wiki/stl...thm/accumulate

    In the syntax box you will see
    Code:
    #include <numeric>
    TYPE accumulate( iterator start, iterator end, TYPE val );
    TYPE accumulate( iterator start, iterator end, TYPE val, BinaryFunction f );
    which not only shows you the interface, but also that accumulate is in the numeric include.

    For containers, e.g. list:

    http://www.cppreference.com/wiki/stl/list/start

    click on the Constructors link:

    http://www.cppreference.com/wiki/stl...t_constructors

    and it then look in the syntax box, and you will see that it shows you where to find list:

    Code:
    #include <list>
    list();
    list( const list& c );
    list( size_type num, const TYPE& val = TYPE() );
    list( input_iterator start, input_iterator end );
    ~list();
    I must admit, I have never had the problem that you are describing.

  8. #8
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Don't know std::vector but i do know std::string. i can make a file save it and open it i just would have to think about how to make it do it in reverse order. It would probably be something like
    Code:
    #include <iostream>
    #include <fstream>
    
    using namespace std;
    
    int num1;
    int num2;
    int num3;
    int num4;
    int num5;
    
    ofstream file("file.txt");
    
    int main()
    {
        cout << "Please intput 5 numbers with either a space or a new line between each" << endl;
        cin >> num1;
        cin >> num2;
        cin >> num3;
        cin >> num4;
        cin >> num5;
        file << num1;
        file << num2;
        file << num3;
        file << num4;
        file << num5;  
        system("pause");
        system("cls");
        cout << "Your numbers backwords were:" << endl;
        ifstream file("file.txt");
        cout << num5 << endl;
        cout << num4 << endl;
        cout << num3 << endl;
        cout << num2 << endl;
        cout << num1 << endl;
        file.close();
        system("pause");
        return 0;
    }

  9. #9
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    Re: a project for beginner

    The std::vector is a wonderful container, you can for example, declare it with a particular size:
    Code:
    //#include <vector>
    std::vector<T> vec(size);
    where T represents the type you want to vector to hold, and size is the size you want the vector to be, e.g. the following:
    Code:
    std::vector<int> intvec(100);
    declares a vector called intvec that holds 100 elements of type int. You can now access those 100 elements just like a standard array if you like:
    Code:
    for(int i(0); i<100; i++)
    {
      intvec[i] = i;
    }
    The above loop doesn't test how big the vector is, so if I made the vector 1 element bigger by pushing a value onto the back (end) of the array
    Code:
    intvec.push_back(0); //The vector now holds 101 elements
    and then ran the loop, the loop would still only assign 100 elements. You can create a loop that assigns the number of elements in the vector by checking its size:
    Code:
    for(int i(0); i<intvec.size(); i++)
    {
      intvec[i] = i;
    }
    If you compile the above loop you will most likely get a compiler warning for the part highlighted in red, and the warning will be telling you that there is a type mismatch in that vector<T>::size() returns a size_t type (not necessarily true, but has been on all implementations that I have tried), and you are comparing this against an int (the variable i), therefore there is a possible loss of data if the loop is looping over a very large number of elements. Since that isn't going to be a problem for reading a handful of elements from a file, you can tell the compiler that you know about the problem and are ok with it, by adding in a static cast.
    Code:
    for(int i(0); i<static_cast<std::vector<int>::size_type>(intvec.size()); i++)
     {
       intvec[i] = i;
     }
    Anyway, back to the std::vector. You can create one without any elements and then use push_back to insert elements at the end of the vector.

    You should never attempt to access a vector location that is greated than size()-1, as the element will not exist and it attempting to make the access will yeild undefined behaviour.

    The nice thing about std::vector is that you do not need to worry about memory allocation - it handles that for you. Now, to read the integers from a file (in the format described in the first of my posts in this thread) using vector you could do:

    Code:
    #include <iostream>
    #include <fstream>
    #include <vector>
    #include <algorithm> //for std::copy
    #include <iterator>    //for std::ostream_iterator
    
    int main()
    {
      //open a file called "file.txt" that contains integers
      std::ifstream infile("file.txt");
      std::vector<int> vec;
      int tmp(0);
    
      //Read the contents into the vector
      while(infile>>tmp)
      {
        vec.push_back(tmp);
      }
      
      //Print the contents of the vector
      std::copy(vec.begin(), vec.end(), std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, "\n"));
      
    }
    Now all you need to do is figure out how to re-order the elements.

  10. #10
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Quote Originally Posted by PredicateNormative
    If you compile the above loop you will most likely get a compiler warning for the part highlighted in red, and the warning will be telling you that there is a type mismatch in that vector<T>::size() returns a size_t type (not necessarily true, but has been on all implementations that I have tried)
    What is guaranteed is that std::vector<int>::size_type is an unsigned integer type but int is a signed integer type.

    Quote Originally Posted by PredicateNormative
    you can tell the compiler that you know about the problem and are ok with it, by adding in a static cast.
    Yes, except that the code example demonstrates casting from std::vector<int>::size_type back to std::vector<int>::size_type. Your intention would be to cast to int:
    Code:
    for (int i(0); i < static_cast<int>(intvec.size()); ++i)
    {
        intvec[i] = i;
    }
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  11. #11
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Quote Originally Posted by laserlight View Post
    What is guaranteed is that std::vector<int>::size_type is an unsigned integer type but int is a signed integer type.
    That's good to know.

    Quote Originally Posted by laserlight View Post
    Yes, except that the code example demonstrates casting from std::vector<int>::size_type back to std::vector<int>::size_type. Your intention would be to cast to int:
    Code:
    for (int i(0); i < static_cast<int>(intvec.size()); ++i)
    {
        intvec[i] = i;
    }
    Whoops

  12. #12
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    Re: a project for beginner

    maybe a different example of a project i can do because i just got confused ><

  13. #13
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Text based hangman,

    Text based poker,

    In the mid to late 70's there was a common set of games like lunar lander, trek and slots.

    Dice oriented games.

    Of course, really simple (almost nonsense) tests of looping from 0 to something to see how fast the computer could count. In the 70's we were using BASIC, so 500 integer increments per second was about the fastest we'd see.

    In assembler we might get 50 to 100 thousand per second.
    If my post was interesting or helpful, perhaps you would consider clicking the 'rate this post' to let me know (middle icon of the group in the upper right of the post).

  14. #14
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Quote Originally Posted by JVene View Post

    Of course, really simple (almost nonsense) tests of looping from 0 to something to see how fast the computer could count. In the 70's we were using BASIC, so 500 integer increments per second was about the fastest we'd see.

    In assembler we might get 50 to 100 thousand per second.
    I have already done that it is on the ragezone website. I am actually looking for something that has a purpose. Games are pretty useless when text based.

  15. #15
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    Re: a project for beginner

    Ok, how far into the ambitious side of things do you want to go?

    3D animation? Space simulation? Something that requires some awareness of linear algebra (you don't really have to be a mathematician, but you have to be aware of it).

    Some GUI application - graphics oriented board games, drawing programs....what's your interest?
    If my post was interesting or helpful, perhaps you would consider clicking the 'rate this post' to let me know (middle icon of the group in the upper right of the post).

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