Interesting Synchronization problem
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  1. #1

    Interesting Synchronization problem

    Hi,

    Aim of the below program is to access "balance" variable by only 1 synchronized block code. But, it is seen that synchronization is not working properly here. Pl, let me know how this program can work perfectly i.e. should not produce any output but run in infinite loop.

    <code>

    // BalanceUpdateSynchronized.java


    public class BalanceUpdateSynchronized {
    // Start with balance as 100
    private static int balance = 100;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    // Start two threads to update the balance
    startBalanceUpdateThread();

    // Start one thread to monitor the balance
    startBalanceMonitorThread();
    }

    public static void startBalanceUpdateThread() {
    // Start a new thread that calls updateBalance() method
    Thread t = new Thread()
    {
    public void run() {
    while (true) {


    synchronized(this)
    {
    balance=balance+10;
    balance=balance-10;
    }


    }
    }
    };
    t.start();
    }

    public static void startBalanceMonitorThread() {
    // Start a thread that monitors the balance value
    Thread t = new Thread() {
    public void run() {

    while (true) {


    synchronized(this)
    {
    int b = balance;
    //Ideally, balance should not change and this program run in
    // infinite loop
    if (b != 100) {
    System.out.println("Balance changed: " + b);
    System.exit(1); // Exit the program
    }

    }

    }
    }
    };
    t.start();
    }
    }

    </code>

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Aug 2011
    Location
    West Yorkshire, U.K.
    Posts
    54

    Re: Interesting Synchronization problem

    You are synchronizing to two separate objects - the "this" in each case is the anonymous inner class.
    If you add another object to synchronize to and change both synchronized(this) to synchronized(my object) ...
    Code:
        private static Object lockObject = new Object();
    
        public static void startBalanceUpdateThread() {
            // Start a new thread that calls updateBalance() method
            Thread t = new Thread() {
                public void run() {
                    while (true) {
                        synchronized(lockObject) {
                            balance=balance+10;
                            balance=balance-10;
                        }
                    }
                }
            };
            t.start();
        }
    you will get the behavior you desire.
    I'm not sure that this is the *best* way - I'm sure other contributors to this forum will have other suggestions.

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