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Thread: Online C++ Test Questions

  1. #16
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by gulHK View Post
    Hello everyone

    Could anyone please help me with this online interview question?

    Code:
    Object1 and Object2 are the names of two different classes.
    The Class Object2 has one Object and the Class Object1 does not have any objects
     
    Object2 obj2 = new Object2();
    cout << dynamic_cast< Object1>(obj2) << endl; ....... what does this line print?
    Many Thanks
    As previously discussed in this thread, the statement

    Code:
     Object2 obj2 = new Object2();
    is valid if and only if Object2 has a constructor that takes a Object2* as parameter and that constructor isn't declared as explicit.

    If the Object1 and Object2 classes are distinct with no relationship between them, then even assuming the obj2 assignment is correct, I doubt the dynamic_cast statement will compile and I would expect a compile error along the lines that Object2 is not polymorphic.

    IMO whos ever setting these interview questions are not doing a very good job of producing understandable c++ code in the absence of class definitions! If I was given this code I would be saying that it doesn't compile - but I suspect the answer they are looking for is null (null pointer) as the dynamic_cast will fail.

    See
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/libr...=vs.71%29.aspx
    Last edited by 2kaud; September 21st, 2013 at 07:10 AM.
    All advice is offered in good faith only. You are ultimately responsible for effects of your programs and the integrity of the machines they run on.

  2. #17
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    In MSVS, this code

    Code:
    class Object1 {
    };
    
    class Object2 {
    };
    
    int main()
    {
    Object2 *obj2 = new Object2;
    
    	cout << dynamic_cast< Object1*>(obj2) << endl;
    }
    produces the compiler error
    error C2683: dynamic_cast : 'Object2' is not a polymorphic type
    All advice is offered in good faith only. You are ultimately responsible for effects of your programs and the integrity of the machines they run on.

  3. #18
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    2kaud Thank You Very Very much again for explaining it with an example and in detail.

  4. #19
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by 2kaud View Post
    is valid if and only if Object2 has a constructor that takes a Object2* as parameter and that constructor isn't declared as explicit.
    the "only if" part is not correct , the ctor could take any T implicitly constructible from Object2*, hence void*,bool,...

  5. #20
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Thank you all very much

    I know that the ## (double number sign) operator concatenates two tokens in a macro invocation e-g
    Code:
    #define ArgArg(xyz, abc)          
    	xyz ## abc
    ..
    Call:
    ArgArg(lady, bug)	
    ..
    Output:
    	ladybug
    But I was given a question that had a # before the variable like #xyz and then ## and then #abc. I haven't seen this syntax before and have looked for it on the internet but couldn't find an answer.

    Code:
    #define ArgArg(xyz, abc)          
    	#xyz  ##  #abc
    Could you please help me with that too?

    Thanks

  6. #21
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    ..have looked for it on the internet but couldn't find an answer.
    You didn't look very hard! See
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/wy090hkc.aspx
    http://www.cplusplus.com/doc/tutorial/preprocessor/

    # is the stringizing operator and causes the corresponding actual argument to be enclosed in double quotation marks.

    This program
    Code:
    #define ArgArg(xyz, abc) #xyz  ##  #abc
    
    #include <iostream>
    int main()
    {
    	std::cout << ArgArg(lady, bug) << std::endl;
    }
    prints
    ladybug
    as the macro expansion of ArgArg expands the args to be surrounded by " (#) and then concatenated (## - token pasting operator) giving

    "lady""bug"
    so the cout statement compiled is
    Code:
    std::cout << "lady""bug" << std::endl;
    which prints
    ladybug
    as multiple string literals are effectively treated as one string
    Last edited by 2kaud; September 21st, 2013 at 10:20 AM.
    All advice is offered in good faith only. You are ultimately responsible for effects of your programs and the integrity of the machines they run on.

  7. #22
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    That's excellent 2Kaud .... THANK YOU SOOOO MUCH

  8. #23
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by 2kaud View Post
    IMO whos ever setting these interview questions are not doing a very good job of producing understandable c++ code in the absence of class definitions! If I was given this code I would be saying that it doesn't compile - but I suspect the answer they are looking for is null (null pointer) as the dynamic_cast will fail.
    You see this kind of "tests" way too often. It's a case of either whomever is asking the questions doesn't really know C++ themselves and are just "randomly" throwing together some questions from a C++ guide or someone that's "stuck" in C++ and doesn't have the real life language skills to properly ask a question.

    Half the questions here are essentially "irrelevant". because they won't really tell the interrogator what the candidate knows.
    A quarter is dubious in that the question is either incomplete or downright wrong, or it assumes that the candidate knows what the interrogator is trying to achieve. It's like they picked a question out of a series of questions but in doing so lost the necessary context established in the other questions in the series.
    and the rest... well... "ok", but I doubt they'll really do much good in figuring out anything about the candidate.



    Unfortunately, these kind of fail-questionnaires are way too common. You don't learn much about a candidates problem solving skills by asking them trick questions about language details.

  9. #24
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Lets analyze the questions...

    1) Can we call virtual function from non-virtual function?
    yes.
    Question is basically irrelevant.


    2) Can we call pure virtual function from constructor?
    Question incomplete.
    Call a PV from the constructor of the class where the PV is declared ?
    from a derived class of where the PV is declared
    from a non related class constructor where you're calling the PV on a member instance ?

    *CAN* we call the PV in the above cases ? yes, but you may not get the result you expected.
    Is just a yes/no enough
    does the interrogator expect you to explain the problems with this or not ?


    3) Benefits of Templates over overriding
    irrelevant without context.
    templates and overriding serve different purposes, so neither has an inate benefit over the other.
    take any STL class, and you'll see both being used.

    now. if we're talking benefit of a template over overiding for a specific function, then we may be able to say why one would be prefered/better over another. Without that specific context, any answer given can be countered by a specific case where this wouldn't be true.
    as proof of this given the answers by the OP:
    counter answer to 3.i: Templates can cause multiple instances of the code to be in memory (if a template is used in the exe and in dll's, and the template instance isn't exported).
    counter answer to 3.ii: an override may be specifically tailored to a type and thus be faster than the generic solution in a template.

    4)
    question incomplete without knowing what type Object is and what constructors/operators it has or if it will even compile.


    5) Rough Code below
    "rough code" in a strictly typed language is asking for problems...
    a) this code isn't even valid C++ and won't compile
    b) are you assuming compilation with rtti or without ?
    c) the rough code is incomplete because we don't know if the classes have a hierarchy relation.
    d) dynamic_cast<Object1> isn't valid, it needs to be a pointer or reference, not an object type.
    omision of this means we can't give an answer or do we need to answer the pointer and the reference case ?
    e) it would have taken 2 minutes more effort to have fully valid, compilable, unambiguous C++ code that would have given a clear and unambiguous answer.

    ignoring all of the above.
    a dynamic_cast of compatible types yields the compatible type
    a dynamic_cast of incompatible pointers returns a null pointer
    a dynamic_cast of incompatible references throws a bad_cast exception
    Now this didn't even need a rough code sample, it just needs a "What are the possible results of a dynamic_cast?" question.


    6) How to find a substring in a map key(syntax?), the key stores a string.
    why so vague...

    A map of the world, of a specific country or city ? an std::map ? or some other map ?
    I know how to find a std::string a std::map that stores a std::string as key. but how do I find a substring ? a substring of what ? of the key, of the value associated with the key in the map, is the value even a std::string ?
    is substring a class we need to somehow know of?
    do you just want the "std::string mysubstring mymap[mykey];" answer (seriously ? you call that even a proper question ?)
    Is it ok we're assuming the above may add a new key to the map with a empty value ?
    or do you want the answer where no key will be added
    what answer do you want to get if the key isn't found ?
    or was this a trick question and did you want the whole package answer ?


    7) Returning an array from function (syntax of function signature?)
    given the above vague question, and assuming array is a type we somehow have declared earlier...
    array foo();
    is a perfectly valid answer.


    8) Default copy constructor does what
    wait ? what ?
    neither of the 2 answers are even close to being right.

    what it does: construct an instance of a type by shallow copying it's members from the referenced type.


    9) Assign const pointer to a non-const pointer
    em. srsly ?
    asking how it's done isn't really relevant, I'd be more concerned about the how/where/when this can be safely done in the first place.


    10) If we do not write a constructor, the compiler generates one for us. Is there a default destructor too?
    >.<


    11) How to print vector elements in a separate function having only a print statement (Rough Code)
    more rough code >.<
    For_each(syntax for iteratring, printFunc) – syntax?????

    iteratring ? is this something like a magic decoder ring where we need to somehow decode the silly questions into actual useful questions ?
    For() ?
    For_each()

    I don't know how to solve either with a capital F.

    12) What does double ( ## ) between two variables and single ( # ) before one variable in macros mean?
    {#xyz ## #jkl}
    why not give a FULL macro definition rather than these 'rough code' examples. It literally would have taken only 10sec to write this as
    #define mymacro(xyz,jkl) {#xyz ## #jkl}

    Yes, ask a question, then give an example that pretty much gives away the answer.
    What I find strange is that this questionnaire asks questions that are "advanced" like this. and also asks silly "only been doing C++ for a week" type questions.


    13) Rough Code
    ARGH !!!

    how to assign... em... exactly as it is in the rough example.
    assuming Pointer 1 has a constructor that takes a Pointer* and Pointer2 has an assignment operator that takes a Pointer1, Pointer1& or Pointer1 has a cast operator that is compatible with a Pointer2 assignment operator.

    depending on how rough the code is and what we are to assume about the types and their constructors/operators: It could be any of a couple dozen answers.





    Evaluation:
    I give whomever made up this questionnaire an F in C++ examination.
    Whomever can answer any 3 of the above questions reasonably well should be given an A.

  10. #25
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by OReubens View Post
    Lets analyze the questions...
    I saw a supposed C++ online interview test. One of the questions was concerning "reversing a linked list", and the answer they gave was a "C" implementation of a linked list with pointer logic.

    I wished I had a question asked to me like that -- I would have shown the interviewer a std::list and std::reverse() called on that list. If I received any questions on my answer, and then the interviewer shown their "C-ish" answer they had, I would respond "are you sure that your answer is correct?", and then keep insisting whether they are sure or not.

    The point being that I could prove my code works all the time, while their "answer" wasn't convincing at all, and would be a candidate for someone firing up a debugger (even if eventually, the code did work) if a customer reported some sort of bug. And yes, it has happened to me in the real-world, where someone decided to go their own route instead of using std::list.

    Regards,

    Paul McKenzie
    Last edited by Paul McKenzie; September 24th, 2013 at 10:38 AM.

  11. #26
    GCDEF is offline Elite Member Power Poster
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by OReubens View Post
    Lets analyze the questions...

    Evaluation:
    I give whomever made up this questionnaire an F in C++ examination.
    Whomever can answer any 3 of the above questions reasonably well should be given an A.
    I agree with your assessment. I'll add that tests like that are not a good way to evaluate a programmer. I had somebody who knew way more obscure syntax than I do, but couldn't figure out how to program an arithmetic mean or a standard deviation. You need to know the rules, but a test like that tells you nothing about how good a programmer is. Programming is way more about how you approach and solve a problem than it is how many dark corners of the language you know.

  12. #27
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Quote Originally Posted by GCDEF View Post
    I agree with your assessment. I'll add that tests like that are not a good way to evaluate a programmer.
    This is especially the case with C++, since it is such a large language with a lot of rules that anyone could miss them (save for the usual "what is a destructor, constructor, purpose of copy constructor", type questions).

    And if you aren't familiar with the rule but happen to be a good to excellent programmer, how long would it take such a programmer to use google to figure out how to use a certain language feature? A minute? So an interviewer would reject someone who, in a minute or less, would know how to use whatever they were not sure of? It's really stupid.

    Now that there are even more features to the language with the new C++ 11, the "ask an obscure question" type of interview becomes even more useless.

    Regards,

    Paul McKenzie
    Last edited by Paul McKenzie; September 24th, 2013 at 11:50 AM.

  13. #28
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    Re: Online C++ Test Questions

    Personally... I wouldn't care (much) if the guy answers a question with a code sample that has minor syntax errors. **WE** aren't compilers afterall and a simple compile of the code would reveal the syntax errors anyway.

    Knowing how/why certain things are (best) done in a certain way. And askign questions that will reveal how much experience the guy has had with actual programming, and whether they have the mental ability to quickly analyze a problem and turn that into a working piece of code is much more relevant than any of the above questions.

    for the most part, you don't even need to know much about the "funky/murky" rules in c++, more often than not it's better to entirely avoid those shady areas altogether and write code that doesn't depend on them.
    simple code where each statement does one thing is better than huge compound statements that do a bazillion things if you can figure out what happens in which order under what condition.

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